We celebrate 14th November as Children's Day. But how many of us know 14th November is also World Diabetes Day? Ever wondered how did Diabetes turn from a rare condition to a worldwide epidemic? As a country where one in six suffers from diabetes and almost 50% of the people with type 2 diabetes are unaware of their condition. Diabetes may be one of the leading causes of death but more than the condition what's fatal is the lack of awareness itself.
When the prevalence rate of diabetes stands at an average of 8% national, Kerala records a prevalence rate of 20% The high number of diabetes patients has led to the trivialization of the disease among masses. Most people tend to believe that apart from fatigue, dehydration, and frequent urination, diabetes is rather harmless. One cant be father from the truth. Diabetes if left unchecked could lead to amputation of the feet or even death.
How diabetes affects our feet If you have diabetes your doctor would have suggested you do a feet check regularly. This is because a diabetic's feet are prone to nerve damage and blood circulation issues. Globally, every 30 seconds a person with diabetes undergoes an amputation. Most amputation begins with a foot ulcer. One in every six people with diabetes will have foot ulcers during their lifetime. An essential tip for people with diabetes is to check one's foot every day for anything that seems odd; especially for cuts, sores, nail issues, red spots, change in skin colour, rough skin, or warm spots
. Perilous foot problems among diabetics
Diabetic neuropathy - numbness in feet caused by nerve damage
This affects the sense of the feet making it challenging to sense temperature variations irritation or pain.
peripheral vascular disease - reduces blood flow to the feet it can lead to slow healing of wounds.
Both these conditions are serious in nature and can lead to amputation of the foot however the good news is that this is absolutely avoidable.
Tips to keep your feet healthy
1. Moisturize dry skin.
2. Trim your toenails regularly.
3. while exercising ensure a low impact on the feet.
4. Avoid being barefoot both indoors and outdoors.
5.Choose shoes & shocks over footwear that leaves the feet exposed.
6. Put your feet up on a table or stool while sitting to improve the blood flow to the feet.
7. wash your feet every day with warm water and soap. After drying the feet apply some talcum powder to keep the skin dry and avoid infection.
8. Get a thorough foot examination done at least once a year.
Manage your blood sugar and care for your feet, and amputation would never come your way. A healthy diet regular physical examination and exercise is the way to go. The key is to protect your feet from the possibility of wounds and infections. The footwear you use plays a significant role in ensuring the safety of your feet. Many ulcers can be prevented by wearing a proper preventive diabetic footwear. So, choose your footwear carefully!
Together, let's fight diabetes through awareness and action.